Drug Trafficking

Reflection Paper – Individualised Assignment – 2 Pax


Student Name: ID Number

Student 1 23456

Student 2 56789


Reflect on your assigned social problem or social force

Explain the impact of problem on the health and wellbeing of individuals and society

Identity changes or solutions or improvements to address the social problem or force.


Sultan Qaboos University


NURS1002- Sociology /Fall 2020

Reflection Paper – Individualised Assignment – 2 Pax

Sample Answer

Dear Students,

 This is an example of reflection paper on teenage pregnancy

 Use reference from research or examples from your village or governorate.

 Be as creative as possible to show your originality of thinking

 Your answers should be in 3-4 pages or 800-1000 words

 Use APA 7th Edition for correct referencing

 APA Download: https://www.stmarys-ca.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/files/apa7threv.pdf

 A4 size paper, with 1” margin in all areas

 Times New Roman Font style, Size 12, double spaced

Learning Objective: Link sociological concepts to health care and wellbeing

a) Reflect on your assigned social problem or social force.

b) Explain the impact of problem on the health and wellbeing of individuals and society

c) Identity changes or solutions or improvements to address the social problem or force.

d) Use relevant examples and references to support your discussions and solutions

Student Name: ID Number

Student 1 23456

Student 2 56789


Reflect on your assigned social problem or social force


Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in a female under the age

of 20. Adolescent pregnancies are a global problem occurring in high-, middle-, and low-income

countries. Around the world, however, adolescent pregnancies are more likely to occur in

marginalized communities, commonly driven by poverty and lack of education and employment

opportunities (Ref 1, 2).

Every year, an estimated 21 million girls aged 15–19 years in developing regions become pregnant

and approximately 12 million of them give birth. At least 777,000 births occur to adolescent girls

younger than 15 years in developing countries (Ref, 3). Adolescents who may want to avoid

pregnancies may not be able to do so due to knowledge gaps and misconceptions on where to

obtain contraceptive methods and how to use them.

Adolescents face barriers to accessing contraception including restrictive laws and policies

regarding provision of contraceptive based on age or marital status, health worker bias and/or lack

of willingness to acknowledge adolescents’ sexual health needs, and adolescents’ own inability to

access contraceptives because of knowledge, transportation and financial constraints. Additionally,

adolescents may lack the agency or autonomy to ensure the correct and consistent use of a

contraceptive method (Ref 1).

Explain the impact of problem on the health and wellbeing of individuals and society

Health and wellbeing Consequences

Early pregnancies among adolescents have major health consequences for adolescent mothers and

their babies. Pregnancy and childbirth complications are the leading cause of death among girls

aged 15–19 years globally, with low- and middle-income countries accounting for 99% of global

maternal deaths of women aged 15–49 years (Ref 2).

Adolescent mothers aged 10–19 years face higher risks of eclampsia, puerperal endometritis and

systemic infections than women aged 20–24 years. Additionally, some 3.9 million unsafe abortions

among girls aged 15–19 years occur each year, contributing to maternal mortality, morbidity and

lasting health problems (Ref 2, 3).

Early childbearing can increase risks for newborns as well as young mothers. This is because; babies

born to teenage mothers face higher risks of low birth weight, preterm delivery and severe

neonatal conditions. Rapid repeat pregnancy is a concern for young mothers, as it presents further

health risks for both mother and child (Ref 3).

Social and economic consequences

Social consequences for unmarried pregnant adolescents may include stigma, rejection or violence

by partners, parents and peers. Girls who become pregnant before the age of 18 years are more

likely to experience violence within a marriage or partnership.

Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing often leads girls to drop out of school, although efforts are

underway is some countries to enable them to return to school after child birth, this may well

jeopardize the girls’ future education and employment opportunities (Ref 4).

Identity changes or solutions or improvements to address the social problem or force.

Solution for Improvement or how to address the social problem

In order to prevent teenage pregnancy, teenagers need to have a comprehensive understanding of

abstinence, contraceptive techniques, and consequences. Although there are many

different ways to prevent a teenage girl from becoming pregnant, the only one that is absolutely

effective is sexual abstinence (Ref 1, 5).

Interventions to inform and empower girls, in combination with interventions to influence family

and community norms, can positively affect attitudes and behaviors related to delaying the age of

marriage. Informing and empowering adolescent girls is important from both rights-based and

public health perspectives (Ref 5).

These interventions must be combined with interventions that target families and communities in

order to create a supportive environment for adolescent girls to act on information that they

receive and to express their empowerment. These interventions may encounter resistance in some

communities because they challenge existing norms (Ref 3, 4).

Summary/Specific recommendations:

1. Improve the knowledge level of adolescents regarding teenage pregnancy.

2. Empower parents and involve adolescents in the decision making process.

3. Improve birth preparedness among adolescent girls to prepare them for motherhood

4. Provide adolescent targeted and parent oriented information regarding pregnancy

5. Advocate for stronger family ties between parents and their adolescents.


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reasons why it is questionable and calls for a radical transformation of the concept of innovation. In

Responsible Innovation 2 (pp. 19-35). Springer International Publishing.

Doody, O., & Doody, C. M. (2012). Intellectual disability nursing and transcultural care.

British Journal of Nursing, 21(3), 174-180.

Girls not brides (2020). Child-brides-and-family-planning-five-things-you-need-to-know.

Source: https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/child-brides-and-family-planning-five-things-you-need-to-

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Jie,L.(2015). The patient suicide attempt – An ethical dilemma case study. International

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