Nursing homework help

The ethos of scientism and postmodernism has exacerbated the perceived philosophical and cultural tension between science and religion. What is your perception of this tension? Use the lecture and the topic readings to support your response.

“Scientism is the belief that the best or only way to have any knowledge of reality is by means of the sciences” (Moreland & Craig, 2003, pp. 346-350). This does not mean that scientism and science are one in the same. Scientism lacks the ability to differentiate between making moral or ethical decisions due to science being based solely on testing and facts. Modernism “social scientists and health care professionals are calling for a more holistic view that brings humans into harmony with their environment” (Shelly & Miller, 2006). This type of method is based off of religions and philosophies.

Often in nursing there is tension between science and religion. In my nursing career, I have encountered patient conflicts related to science vs religion. Patients who have a strong religious and cultural backgrounds may opt out of treatments that are based on scientific evidenced based practice because of their beliefs. But as time has progressed I have noticed that religion and science are being incorporated more into patient care to achieve a better patient outcome. This is where the most important part of our job duties as a nurse becomes crucial which is education. We should give written literature and verbally explain to the patient the science rationale because this is what will help with treatment of the patient while incorporating their religious beliefs. After educating the patient and the treatment or procedure is still unacceptable in their religious beliefs, it will not be performed but at least the patient has gained knowledge and can then make their personal decision. I believe that if the healthcare team works with the patient and their families this can help reduce the tension between science and religion.

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