nursing homework help



In recent times, reliable sources indicate that a glaring number of LGBTQ patients have been subjected to stigma and discrimination in the health care system. They have been unfairly treated, which has been mainly due to a lack of awareness by physicians and other providers who treat them. In response to this, the health system, especially nurses, should be held liable and accountable to take certain political actions to curb this problem and guarantee an egalitarian system that equally provides efficacy in results (Brown et al., 2020).

For instance, the nurses can jointly participate in campaign groups and demonstrations that are meant to fight for LGBTQ rights and equality. At times, demonstrations are the only way the government can pay attention to something, and the physical presence of nurses would be pivotal in ushering in new policies that represent the LGBTQ community.

Nurses are at the center of the health care system, especially due to their direct contact with patients. This, in turn, puts them in a position to identify any problems in the current health care system. In regard to the LGBTQ, the nurses must be loyal to their primary purpose of provision of care and provide good health to all citizens while they strive to create a better society and health system. It would show that nurses have the potential to have a profound global impact on politics. Furthermore, they could advocate for the eradication of policies that negatively affect the LGBTQ community (Sensor et al., 2021).

Nurses can proactively serve as formal and informal leaders, especially with their power to implement policies and programs that protect LGBTQ. They can take part in advocating and supporting political leaders to pass policies that promote equality. In addition, they can show open-mindedness towards these vulnerable communities and advocate for the use of non-gendered language when discussing patients’ relationships. (Perron, T et al., 2017) It is crystal clear that nurses have the responsibility to deliver culturally congruent services and practice compassion and respect to the LGBTQ community.

Conclusively, the health care system should gather enough data which would aid in identifying and distinguishing the specific health needs of the LGBTQ population. It would be vastly beneficial to also educate the health professionals to enable them to understand that there are sensitive differences in care needs and that ignoring them could lead to grave repercussions (Lim et al., 2013).


Brown, K. D., Sessanna, L., & Paplham, P. (2020). Nurse practitioners’ and nurse practitioner students’ LGBT health perceptions. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 16(4), 262-266.

Lim, F. A., Brown Jr, D. V., & Jones, H. (2013). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health: Fundamentals for nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education, 52(4), 198-203.

Perron, T., Kartoz, C., & Himelfarb, C. (2017). LGBTQ youth part 1: Cultural competence for school nurses caring for LGBTQ youth—Learning the culture and the language. NASN school nurse, 32(2), 106-115.

Sensor, C. S., Branden, P. S., Clary- Muronda, V., Hawkins, J. E., Fitzgerald, D., Shimek, A. M., … & Rosa, W. E. (2021). Nurses Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: The United Nations and Sigma: Concrete plans that translate the goals into action are critical. The American journal of nursing, 121(4), 65.




















Orencia Gonzalez



Discussion Board

The Joint Board released a report on the provision of patient-centred and also culturally proficient like members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender as well as queer (LGBTQ) area without discrimination (Joint Committee, 2010). Nurses and also various other health service providers are recommended to provide premium and non-discriminatory health services to these people, as they also deserve to wellness. The LGBTQ area has been at the center of controversy for several years, generally since most individuals differ with their sexual orientation as well as gender expression. Participants have actually experienced discrimination, physical violence, physical violence, psychological and verbal abuse, and also abuse (Joint Committee, 2010). Registered nurses need to advocate for this prone friend to ensure they obtain risk-free, high-quality health services.

Political actions can reinforce the defence of nurses’ rights. Nurses can hold political settings, such as MPs or legislators. Registered nurses have the abilities and also worths to not be daunted into such positions of power. Being a senator or representative in the House provides registered nurses maximum power to choose as well as plans that value the civil liberties of the LGBTQ area (Arabi, Rafii, Cheraghi & Ghiyasvandian, 2014). The registered nurse in this placement can introduce a bill forbiding abuse as well as discrimination based on sexual orientation and also sex expression. This bill can aid eliminate barriers to health (Joint Board, 2010). Various other plan steps will certainly include networking. The registered nurse can work collaboratively with politicians and policymakers, providing a system to promote for the legal rights of this area. Registered nurses can increase awareness of the wellness issues encountering this area and advise the very best plans that can attend to these problems. Lobbying and also holding political rallies can magnify campaigning for, as nurses, neighborhood members, as well as organizations involved in the defend LGBTQ civil liberties will be actively associated with increasing public as well as federal government recognition of the health and wellness disparities facing this community (Arabi, Rafii, Cheraghi & Ghiyasvandian, 2014).

Essential VI talks about the duty of teacher-oriented registered nurses in wellness plan and also advocacy. Nurses can advocate for fostering as well as ensure the execution of plans that forbid discrimination and abuse against LGBTQ people. This advocacy can be from the organization, the neighborhood or the nationwide level.



Arabi, A., Rafii, F., Cheraghi, M. A., & Ghiyasvandian, S. (2014 ). Political Impact of Registered Nurses: A Theoretical Evaluation. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Study, 19( 3 ),315.

Joint Commission. (2010 ). Progressing Reliable Interaction, Social Proficiency, and Individual- as well as Family-Centered Treatment: A Roadmap for Hospitals. Joint Board.





















Wendy Cotelo



People who identify as sexual or gender minorities face barriers to appropriate health treatment and face physical and mental health inequities as a result of cultural stigma. Their health-care needs, however, have not been adequately addressed in nursing education, research, policy, or practice. It is past time for nurses and nursing to make significant policy changes and enhance the quality of care provided to all LGBTQ individuals and their families. Some of the adjustments will need organizational changes, but individual nurses may make significant contributions to ensuring safe, culturally competent, and high-quality care for all LGBTQ persons by being mindful of their own views and practices. Nurses may also abstain from participating in any talk that is discriminatory or insulting to LGBTQ individuals, and others can stop such interactions. Creating specific nondiscrimination policies for LGBT individuals is one of the most significant actions that companies, and institutions can take. Here I will show you some examples of current legislative actions that can help to develop your anti-discrimination campaigns in nursing:

The US Department of Health and Human Services announced a regulation in November 2010 mandating hospitals to provide equal visiting privileges to same-sex partners.

As of July 1, 2011, the Joint Commission mandated that hospitals ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

The Institute of Medicine produced a historic study in 2011 that recommended focusing research on LGBT populations, including better data collection and analysis methodologies to establish a more robust evidence foundation for LGBT health care. The MSN essential that most pertains to this topic would be essential VI, which recognizes that the master’s-prepared nurse has the ability to intervene at the system level via the policy formulation process and to use advocacy methods to affect health and health care policy and practices.



Mason, D. J. (2016). Policy & Politics in Nursing and Health Care. Elsevier.

AACN Essentials. American Association of Colleges of Nursing: The Voice of Academic Nursing. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2021, from


Ana Barreras Lopez

Advocacy for improving LGBTQ health

Working with these types of patients is somewhat complicated and requires certain inclusive and special approach. Unfortunately, the members of this community had a history of discrimination and stigmatization that add to the known problems of lack of access to health common to all citizens. Some interventions can be implemented to improve care such as: creation of an inclusive environment, learning terminology, been empathetic, communications techniques, pronoun usage, give support, etc. (Writers, 2021).

The American Nurses Association (ANA) on 2018 post a position statement in which the advocacy for this kind of patients is implied. Practice with compassion and respect regardless sexual orientation or gender identity is part of the code of ethics. Healthy People 2030 includes among its goals the eradication of health disparities and promotion of best practices with LGBTQ+ individuals (“ANA Position Statement: Nursing Advocacy for LGBTQ+ Populations,” 2018). With the support of multiples nurses’ organizations and leadership skills of nurses in general many projects were set up. Including support for the right of this community to serve in the army, against employer discrimination, and same sex partnership rights.

Correlation to the AACN MSN Essentials

I think that Essential II: Organizational and Systems leadership is highly linked to this topic in order to promote high quality and safe care. Also allows to set goals to eliminate discrimination and disparity with the guidance of ethics principles of practice. Nurses with a high level of education are capable of proposing and implementing interventions that modify the policies of health institutions so that they are compatible with the specific needs of certain community groups.


Writers, S. (2021, October 9). Nursing Care for LGBTQ+ Patients: Tips and Resources | Nurse Journal.

ANA Position Statement: Nursing Advocacy for LGBTQ+ Populations. (2018). OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 24(1).

American Associates of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). The Essentials of Master’s Education in Nursing. Retrieved Nov 9, 2021, from



Villelixe Soto

Health Care Policy


There are numerous challenges the U.S. health care system is facing, one of which is treatment of the LGBTQ community. One of the major social trends is the growth of the LGBTQ population. According to Meerwijk and Sevelius (2017), there are about 390 LGBTQ adults per 1000,000. This population is expected to increase significantly in the near future.

One area where the NP can improve and promote advocacy for the LGBTQ community is in reproductive services. LGBTQ people have the right to safe abortion services, access to contraceptives, sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing and a range of other health services free from stigma, discrimination or coercion. People who identify as LGBTQ can get pregnant, and young lesbian and bisexual women disproportionately experience unintended pregnancy.

The NP can help provide accurate, comprehensive sex education to young LGBTQ people, and they can also help spread information about bias and misrepresentation of the LGBTQ population to community leaders.

The NP may also begin by advocating for research that focuses on the group and on its structural factors. It can be said that a lack of research in one’s community can greatly affect and increase, among others, the percentage of homosexuals with HIV infections. For instance, one may conduct evidence-based practice projects in his or her community to see the percentage of cases that arise due to genetics, health behaviors, and social characteristics of the community (Page, 2012); factors which may influence the number of HIV cases. Afterwards, one may push for educational programs in one’s healthcare facility that inform HIV infected LGBTQ individuals how to prevent opportunistic infections. This may be accomplished by training nurses to provide appropriate educations to individuals struggling with the infection. Lastly, one could strive to educate nurses on the healthcare organization on the importance of treating members of the LGBTQ community with the same care given to other patients with the goal of preventing discrimination against the community (De Leon, 2015). This may be achieved by conducting a mandatory educational class on the topic for all healthcare providers in one’s organization.

With this in mind, the Essential that most relates to this topic is the first Essential which focuses on a student’s background knowledge of Sciences and Humanities. This Essential is important because as stated in this discussion, the principle highlights the importance of following the nursing process and evidence-based practice for safe and effective patient-centered care (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2017).



American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2017). The Essentials of Master’s Education in Nursing. Washington, DC: Author American Association of Colleges of Nursing.


Carabez, R. M., Eliason, M. J., & Martinson, M. (2016). Nurses’ Knowledge about LGBTQ

Patient Care. Advances in Nursing Science, 39(3), 257-271.


De Leon, E. (2015). Gay and Racial/Ethnic identities, perceived discrimination, and participation in collective action. Available from ProQuest Central. (1767386662).

Page, M. J. (2016). Community level factors and HIV among marginalized populations in the united states. Available from ProQuest Central. (1040846909).














Ivette Fernandez


Nurses’ Advocacy for the LGBTQ Health

In the nursing profession, nurses have a role in advocating for suitable policies to enhance fairness, health equity, and justice. Practical and evidence-based policies guarantee healthier communities and tackle the lack of access to material and social resources needed to mitigate health access gaps and disparities. Nurses are at the center of patient care; therefore, they understand what is needed to enhance patient care.

Nursing policy advocacy advances the nursing profession and elevates patient care. There are various ways in which nurses can advocate for enhancing LGBTQ health.  The first action is involvement in the campaigning groups. A majority of LGBTQ persons are discriminated against due to their sexual orientation. Current policies do not address some of these health disparities. Joining campaigns and demonstrations will allow them to educate and offer incentives to politicians and policymakers to makers (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2011).

Lobbying politicians is an excellent way of cementing their role in policymaking. Nurses understand their patients’ needs and health inequalities; therefore, they have the upper hand in encouraging local, state, and national politicians to enforce inclusive programs and policies and support the LGBTQ community (Williams et al., 2018).

The third option is volunteering in originations that sponsor policy workshops, activities, or conferences. They can prepare a document that will enable them to present their concerns and perhaps educate policymakers on the necessary policy changes. Some of the policymakers may not understand the significance of specific policies. They may not know the health disparities in the LGBTQ community and other disadvantaged groups (Liz Stokes, 2019). Once they are furnished with such information, they can understand the need to implement such policies.

In conclusion, nurses have a professional and ethical responsibility to advocate for health equities, especially disadvantaged groups like LGBTQ communities. They should play an active role in advocating for policies that positively impact their patient and advance health care and mitigate health disparities.


American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). The essentials of master’s education in nursing.

Liz Stokes, J. D. (2019). ANA position statement: Nursing advocacy for LGBTQ+ populations. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 24(1), 1-6. DOI:10.3912/OJIN.Vol24No01PoSCol02

Williams, S. D., Phillips, J. M., & Koyama, K. (2018). Nurse advocacy: Adopting a health in all policies approach. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 23(3).





















Luanda Gan Bedoya


Nursing Political Actions to improving the LGBT health

There are various political actions nurses could undertake to reinforce their role in advocating for improving LGBTQ health. First, they can lobby for favorable legislation to curb violence and discrimination against LGBTQ individuals at the federal and state levels (Mason et al., 2016). Having a proper understanding of the policies that directly influence LGBTQ healthcare empowers nurses to participate in political debates as advocates for LGBTQ individuals and their families. Nurses can join the campaign groups to lobby against the existing unjust policies towards the LGBTQ people by promoting community engagement and equal opportunities. Secondly, a comprehensive recognition and acknowledgment of the unique needs of LGBTQ individuals are crucial for nurses. Master’s-prepared nurses use the research and reliable information to educate themselves on those needs in the areas of policymaking and healthcare practice (Milstead, 2016). The AACN essential of Health Policy and Advocacy mandates nurses to advocate against discrimination of the LGBTQ people in a medical setting by providing competent care and compassion to these communities.

Thirdly, nurses must advocate against social inequality by promoting culturally diverse medical care and prevention services for the LGBTQ populations. Despite many positive developments, LGBTQ people and their families are still likely to face discrimination and stigma when accessing medical services. Nurses, as political advocates for improving LGBTQ health, must shift the public opinion on these communities towards greater acceptance. Delivering culturally congruent care and advocating for LGBTQ populations require nurses to adhere to the key AACN essentials. The American Nursing Association (ANA) demonstrates its overall commitment towards eliminating health inequalities and discrimination against LGBTQ individuals by supporting the development of forums that promote societal understanding and equality between the LGBTQ and other people.

AACN MSN Essentials is Health Policy and Advocacy

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) essential that best relates to these political actions is health policy and advocacy (Fressola & Patterson, 2016). It emphasizes the role of nurses’ participation in policy development and lobbying for policies that influence healthcare for the LGBTQ populations at the local, institutional, and federal levels. Advocating for the patients is part of the knowledge gained from AACN MSN Essentials. Ensuring that government officials are able to respectfully correspond with LGBTQ residents and dispense appropriate services has several benefits: It makes clear to LGBTQ residents that they are included in local initiatives and are valued members of the community; it may build greater trust in government institutions, and it may increase engagement and participation from LGBTQ community members in public life.


Fressola, M. C., & Patterson, G. E. (2016). Transition from Clinician to Educator: A

Practical Approach. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Mason, D. J., Gardner, D. B., Outlaw, F. H., & O`Grady, E. (2016). Policy and Politics in

Nursing and Health Care (7th ed.). Elsevier.

Milstead, J. A. (2016). Health Policy and Politics: A Nurse`s Guide (7th ed.). Jones &

Rebeca Urbina

Nurses’ Political Role in Policy Making to Advocate for Improvement of LGBTQ Health

Nursing is arguably the most important and popular medical profession in the United States and in the world. From the article, The nursing profession’s potential impact on policy and politics, in U.S.A alone, there are more than 4,000,000 nurses. It is the responsibility of nurses to take political actions that could positively impact the health of their patients. One political action that nurses could take to strengthen their role in policymaking is by taking roles of leadership in the hospitals and other healthcare facilities or reaching out to political leaders. The leaders could formulate laws and policies that affect nursing LGBT patients. By assuming leadership roles, they could create programs that focus on improving the health of LGBT people.

Secondly, nurses could also join professional nursing organizations in the federal level. The article above states that most of these organizations have lobbyists that take nurses issues to the Congress where legislations could be passed to resolve those issues. From the article, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health, LGBT people require medical care that is specific and culturally competent. Having nurses that deal with LGBT patients in search organizations will impact their general health care by sending lobbyists with important policies which positively relate to the health of LGBT people. Lastly, nurses can decide to run for state or national offices to personally advocate their policies. According to the article, Nurse Legislators: Representing Health Care in State Government, there are several nurses serving in the Congress and state legislatures. This is the most direct political action a nurse can take to advocate for the health improvement of LGBT patients. State legislatures and the Congress are responsible for making the policies that govern public health care facilities, therefore having more nurses in the legislature will mean better possibility of LGBT health policies success.

AACN and MSN essentials are key in providing professional nurses in the country. From the article, Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) in Advanced Clinical and Non-Clinical Roles, the main essentials include nursing practices based on facts, population health, inter-professional collaboration, leadership in organizations and policy and advocacy. In relation to my discussion, LGBT patients require nurses who follow these essentials because their situation is critical. Essential VI pertains most to this topic which is policy and advocacy. We discuss the nurses’ political role in making policies which advocate for improving the health of LGBT patients. Nurses are responsible for their patients; therefore, they should take an active role in policymaking that positively influence their care.



Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health. Retrieved from:

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) in Advanced Clinical and Non-Clinical Roles. Retrieved from:

Nurse Legislators: Representing Health Care in State Government. Retrieved from:

The nursing profession’s potential impact on policy and politics. Retrieved from:



Henly Rojas


Discussion 8

Political Actions Nurses Role to Advocacy for Improving LGBTQ Health


Political Actions that nurses can take in policy making for LGBTQ Advocacy


As nurses we have the duty to execute various political movements that contribute to health policies from the cultural point of view and that are linked in an effective way with the promotion to prosper the health of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community ( LGBTQ). Among these actions I can mention achieving dynamic leadership positions in the health area. As nurses we must achieve leadership positions in the field of health care or at least achieve a good exchange with the leaders who have been elected, in a responsible way, to achieve good amendments and laws at the legislative level that favor care. medical of that group.

Likewise, as nurses we must try to organize ourselves to defend the policies that help this community and thus in this way manage to stop the different discriminatory aspects towards the LGBTQ community. Frequently, we nurses receive invitations to the different forums, seminars, and assemblies of a political nature. Therefore, I consider that we must have a political participation in them, to be able to comment on all the points that concern us or concern us, as well as offering our new ideas that allow us to improve the quality of medical care for said members. Only through the configuration of a strongly united committee, will we be able to obtain such improvement and defense of said medical care through the politicians. As nurses we can get into the political aspect by running for office at the local, state, and federal levels to increase and exercise the vote for that purpose. We must also make sure that the elected political leaders can meet our demands and thus help us to obtain as much as possible the demands that we can expose, to achieve a positive footprint that favors the average attention to the community.


Policy and Advocacy in AACN MSN


Regarding health policy and advocacy, I can mention that it is one of the most vital points of the American Association of Nursing Colleges, Master of Science in Nursing (AACN MSN). It is linked to offering medical care to the entire community, involving the LGBTQ community. When we graduate from nursing, we do so with knowledge that is aimed at promoting values ​​such as social justice. The mechanisms for representing policies must show the contemporary ways of our Society, which must include equity and diversity. We must consider the strategies and mechanisms of a political nature that determine a high authority on the general points of health. As graduates we must use our knowledge to increase our effectiveness to determine an improvement in medical care for this community without any type of discrimination.




American Associates of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). The Essentials of Master’s Education in Nursing. Retrieved May 19, 2021, from

Mason, D.J., Gardner, D. B., Hopkins Outlaw, F., & O’Grady, E.T. (Eds.). (2016). Policy and Politics: In Nursing and Health Care. (7th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.












Aymee Morales Aranegui


Nurses Political Actions to Advocacy for Improving LGBTQ Health.

Nurses should presume healthcare system leadership positions, join professional nursing organizations and bodies, undertake master classes and training on policy and advocacy as political actions to strengthen their role in policymaking in improving LGBTQ community health. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2021) advocates for periodic updates on public health strategies that promote health equality. Taking leadership positions in the healthcare system, city councils, local offices, and committees ensure that policies formulated are unbiased, accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare. Nursing professional association bodies effectively advocate for LGBTQ health. It allows for lobbying professional recommendations given their vast knowledge of the community’s health needs. Finally, master classes and training with nursing organizations that finance policy formulation workshops help up-skill policy writing (Mason et al., 2016). In training, nurses learn and refresh their knowledge about contemporary public health matters and precisely the health needs in the LGBTQ community. These aspects show the moral duty of nursing professionals to advocate for LGBTQ health rights.


Health Policy and Advocacy Supports Nurses on Policymaking and Activism

American Association of Colleges of Nursing MSN Essential VI on Health Policy and Advocacy supports nurses on policymaking and activism. The Essential calls for nurses that can intercede the healthcare system through policy development and advocacy strategies that impact health and health care provision. This provision implies that nurses are encouraged to upskill on strategic policy formulation through analysis of healthcare financial sources and health outcomes to allow insightful participation in developing and implementing policies and identifying the effects of legal administrative processes on nursing practice and healthcare delivery. The skills and knowledge allow for a nursing outlook, research interpretation, and policy advocacy influencing change in existing policies that cater to improving LGBTQ community health needs. Nurses’ political activism allows for accountability for the patient in the delivery of healthcare, an aspect that is captured and championed in Essential VI.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, June 9). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health. CDC.

Mason, D. J., Perez, G. A., McLemore, M. R. & Dickson, E. L. (2016). Policy & politics in nursing and health care. (8th ed.). Elsevier.

Milstead, J. A. (2016). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide. (7th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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