ADDISON Park Survey
Community Assessment & Analysis
Nurses must be able to knowledgeably plan services for individuals, families and the community. In order to effectively plan, it is essential that you assess the current health status of the community and its resources.
Assessment may include the following strategies: Mining of health data bases, windshield or walking surveys, and more formal quantitative and qualitative research investigations involving community members and other stakeholders. A “windshield survey” is conducted from a car and provides a visual overview of a community (may also be done as a walking survey). Conditions and trends in the community that could affect the health of the population (social determinants) are noted. Most surveys of this type must be validated and expanded through data mining of available online and other databases of demographic and health-related statistics.
Evidence collected during a formal community assessment forms the basis for planning to improve the health status of the community, which impacts individuals’ health downstream.
This activity aligns with several of the course outcomes as stated below:
1. Examine health delivery systems and resources available at the global, national, state, and local levels.
2. Examine effective methods for health promotion and health maintenance for individuals, families, and communities at every stage of development.
3. Analyze the environmental, biological, and psychosocial risk factors for disease and disability.
The assessment will involve a walking or windshield survey which is validated and expanded upon through a deeper dive into demographic and health-related databases/websites available here:
Part 1: Assessment
Your clinical group will be assigned a neighborhood to survey. (Addison Park Survey)
1. Review the Windshield Survey Components handout and PowerPoint (see Brightspace Lecture PPTS).
2. Review Community Tool Box resources for Windshield Survey:
3. Use Google Maps (or other navigation software) to identify boundaries of assigned area.
4. Collect assessment data on essential demographic and other aspects of the community using the guidelines below: [Support your assessment data with actual images/videos taken with your camera or available online]
The essential components of the Community Assessment are listed below:
Media: Identify the types of local media available for the community residents. Does the town have its own paper? Does the area have its own cable television station? What types of magazines and print materials are circulated? (These types of things you will usually find in the front of cafes and stores). Are they bilingual to needs of community? Do you notice outdoor antennas or dishes?
Stores, Services and Service Centers: Evaluate the service industry in the area including various stores and businesses within the community, social service agencies, community outreach programs, recreation centers, e.g. a local YMCA, and other service industries. The community health nurse should analyze access to food, fitness, and health services availability.
· What is your evaluation of the availability of resources/stores?
· Are there many fast food restaurants in comparison to healthier restaurants?
· Is this considered a food desert?
· Are there significantly more entertainment options (movie theaters, bowling alleys, etc.) than green space?
· Are there a high number of fitness and exercise service centers?
· What is your evaluation of the services available?
Schools: Describe the educational system for the community including public, private, and alternative schools. Supportive evidence is helpful for the community nurse to make assessments about the community. Remember schools range from pre-schools to colleges and universities. Supportive data may include:
· How many schools are in the area and which level of student to they serve?
· How many private school options are there in this community? What types of private institutions are represented (religious affiliation, Montessori, academic driven)?
· What are the public schools rating/ranking?
· What is the high school graduation rate? How does it compare to the state or national averages?
|Discusses each of the 15 elements succinctly
|Total of 75 points.
|Race and Ethnicity
|Housing and Zoning